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Malaria

Malaria is endemic throughout Malawi and continues to be a major public health problem with an estimated 6 million cases occurring annually. It is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality especially in children under five years of age and pregnant women. According to the Health Management Information System (HMIS) report, malaria accounts for about 34% of all outpatient visits and 18% of all hospital deaths.

 

Malaria is also seen as a major contributor to the poor health indicators in Malawi. It is estimated that a large proportion of Malawi’s workforce loses about 15-25 days a year due to malaria with families spending about 28% of their yearly income to treat malaria.

 

The major strategies the Ministry of health uses to reduce the burden of malaria to a level of no public health significance are:

  • Malaria Case Management
  • Integrated malaria vector management (IVM) which invoves the provision of long lasting insecticide treated nets, Indoor residual spraying and larviciding             
  • Malaria Prevention during pregnancy
  • Social and behavioural change communication to promote positive behaviors and treatment adherence
  • Monitoring and Evaluation